After definitive results were announced, political negotiations will be needed in order to see if a majority in both lower house and senate can be formed. The process, brokered by Italian president Sergio Mattarella, might take weeks.
"I was probably the first person ever to gain a doctorate in Chinese opera from an Australian university," he said. "But my thesis looked more at the social impact it had on society rather than the music."
"I may not have agreed with some of the things I was told, but we could sit down and have a civilized conversation."
The Ministry of Education (MOE) announced in January the first batch of 490 approved national quality online courses, about 70 percent of which are provided by first-class universities.
Another area of great interest to Mackerras has been China's ethnic groups, which he has written about extensively. In particular, he has taken a great interest in the Uygurs in Northwest China.
Mackerras found the whole experience in China challenging in the early days. "But I got to love the place and that love has never left me."
According to Xiang Huanan, the prison warden, more than 1,000 prisoners have obtained national job qualifications, and over 90 percent of them received skill training in prison.