It said the government is committed to ensuring that, as well as lifting people out of poverty, it will also help encourage them to pursue their ambitions and develop skills.
"This continuing process of 'hollowing out' in the ranks," the report said, "while costing the armed forces valuable experience, also threatens to compound the problem by increasing the pressure on those personnel who remain."
The report picked out six key areas - engineering, intelligence, logistics, pilots, communications and medical - which were particularly affected. Within those, there were 102 trades identified where the military is not deemed to have sufficient trained staff to perform operational tasks.
Asked about possible visits to Taiwan by officials from the United States and the US State Department's approval of a marketing license for sales of military submarine technology to Taiwan, Ma urged the US to abide by the one-China policy and the principles of the three Sino-US Joint Communiques.
Li Jing, an NPC deputy from Hubei province, said the reform plan should result in outstanding improvements in the efficiency of the government work and make things more convenient for the people.
"Returning to the right track of the 1992 Consensus and the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations is the only way Taiwan can avoid becoming a pawn of others," he said.
The mission is expected to find exoplanets that periodically block part of the light from their host stars, events called transits.